What can and cannot be planted next to pepper?
Supporters of joint plantings of vegetables, as well as those who want to save space on the garden, will probably be interested in learning about the best companions for pepper. In this article I will tell you which vegetables, flowers and herbs will create a harmonious combination with sweet and hot peppers. At the same time, successful neighbors will protect pepper from disease and increase its productivity. And, of course, we will consider those garden crops, the neighborhood with which pepper must be avoided.
The benefits of combined landings
The cultivation of vegetable crops, in particular hot and sweet peppers, together with herbs, flowers and other vegetables is a method that is widely used by adherents of organic farming. This method of growing plants is called joint or combined planting.
Growing peppers with the right neighbors has numerous advantages. First of all, it is the attraction of beneficial insects and scaring away pests from pepper by its companions. Secondly, the maximum use of the space of the beds. And, according to some gardeners, a good neighborhood enhances the taste and aroma of pepper.
Planting the right companion plants with pepper is also a good way to avoid using powerful chemicals and large doses of mineral fertilizers to protect against insects or to feed the plants.
Usually next to each other we plant plants that require similar growing conditions. Namely: a similar temperature regime, air humidity, types and frequency of fertilizing, as well as irrigation mode. Bulgarian and hot peppers, as a rule, we place where he can get quite a lot of sun. So, next to it, numerous vegetable and spice crops can be successfully grown, which also require a large amount of light.
For the implementation of joint planting, the method of alternating companion plants in the same row is usually used, or a concomitant crop is planted in aisles. Some plants are suitable companions simply because they do not harm their neighbors. Others can really have one or another positive influence on each other, establishing a symbiotic relationship. And others will harm the main culture.
What plants can be grown next to sweet pepper?
Best Pepper Vegetable Neighbors
Bell peppers and tomatoes are very good partners: they belong to the same family and require the same conditions for growing and using the same means to protect against diseases and pests. In this case, often tomatoes and peppers are successfully combined in a greenhouse. True, tomatoes to a greater extent require an influx of fresh air and need more frequent ventilation than peppers. However, this does not have a special effect on the total productivity of these crops during joint planting.
Eggplant also grows well with sweet pepper. In addition, peppers can be grown together with onions, carrots and cucumbers.
Sometimes in the literature you can find recommendations that bell peppers are also well grown next to pumpkins. But in such cases, one should take into account the scale of pumpkin bushes with long lashes and huge leaves. They are able to obscure pepper from the light. Therefore, it is important to maintain the desired distance between plants, as well as move the whips from the pepper bushes as they grow.
Spicy herbs to grow next to pepper
According to the observations of experienced gardeners, basil, dill and coriander will become the best companions for pepper in the garden. There are more than 50 different varieties of basil that can be grown with pepper. Among them there are sweet varieties (lemon, caramel, mint, cinnamon), and vegetable (classic, clove, large-leaf). And all of them will grow equally well next to pepper. And varieties with bright purple foliage will also give the garden a decorative look.
Growing basil next to pepper is very desirable. It is noted that its presence makes the taste and aroma of hot or sweet pepper more saturated. It is believed that the smell of basil is not like thrips, flies and mosquitoes.
Dill and coriander, planted next to pepper, help scare off aphids from plants and attract useful insects to the garden, including a ladybug and an ordinary lacewing.
Marjoram, oregano (oregano), green onions and parsley are also good companions for pepper bushes, and they can be grown together with bell pepper without any negative consequences.
Flowers that can be planted next to sweet pepper
Some flowers are also valuable companions of pepper. Roman chamomile (navel) increases the resistance of peppers to various diseases, however, when planting at close range.
It is very good to plant marigolds near pepper, since their roots secrete a substance that protects the soil from nematodes and kills fungi that harm pepper and other vegetable plants.
The popular bright nasturtium flower with edible flowers and seeds is also a good companion for growing with pepper, and decaying in the fall its leaves will enrich the soil.
Due to belonging to the same family, petunias are successfully grown together with pepper. Geraniums (pelargoniums), planted with pepper, scare Japanese beetles (hrushers) with their essential oils. These are very dangerous insect pests that damage a huge number of garden crops, including peppers.
What to plant next to hot pepper?
Hot peppers from their roots produce a chemical that prevents root rot and fungal diseases on plants nearby, such as eggplant. For the same purpose, you can sprinkle with ground pepper hot pumpkin, chard, tomatoes and cucumbers.
Spinach, salad, basil, dill, thyme and cilantro go well with hot pepper. It is noted that they positively affect the taste of bitter pepper. Most importantly, keep in mind that companion plants do not cast too much shadow on peppers. And bushes of burning vegetables should be many times more than the neighboring greens.
Growing crops on different beds with different harvest dates is another option for joint planting. To maximize the use of the space of a small garden, increasing productivity from one square meter, you can grow together early ripe and late ripe crops.
Pepper ripens quite late, and due to heat loving planted in open ground in late spring and early summer. Therefore, in its garden before planting seedlings, you can grow early ripening crops - green onions, radishes, peas or leaf lettuce.
Is it possible to plant hot and sweet peppers nearby?
It would seem that sweet and hot peppers are similar in many characteristics, which means they can successfully grow side by side. However, they cannot be grown together. Biologically, the features of pepper are such that it refers to the so-called "optional self-pollinators."
That is, in principle, peppers do not need to be pollinated by pollen from other plants so that they produce fruits. And if you grew pepper in a single copy in a pot on the windowsill, you probably noticed that fruiting does not suffer from this.
Nevertheless, at elevated air temperatures in peppers, cross-pollination can often occur. This usually takes place in the southern regions. And in the middle lane this happens in very hot weather or when grown in a greenhouse.
Usually, when pollinating the “mother” sweet pepper with the pollen of the sharp “paternal” pepper, nothing threatens the latter, but the fruit of the sweet pepper often becomes bitter. And if pollen of sweet pepper pollinates hot bushes, then the latter may lose some of its sharpness. Sometimes the shape can also change - the wall thickness and size of the fetus.
Therefore, if you want the peppers to have a taste and shape in accordance with the variety, it is better not to plant sweet and hot peppers nearby.
What plants can not be planted with pepper?
Some garden and spice crops should not be grown next to bell pepper, as they can harm each other. Often, a negative effect is felt even if the improper neighbor is in the adjacent bed.
Members of the cabbage (cruciferous) family, which includes white cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, mustard and other crops, should never be grown on a bed with sweet or hot pepper.
Beans, beans, including soybeans and lima, are also poor companions for bell peppers. A close relative of fennel dill should not be planted next to any garden crops, including peppers, as it has a negative effect on all its neighbors.
Do not plant sweet pepper in the vicinity of apricots, as the fungal pathogen that affects peppers can spread to the apricot tree.
Sometimes pepper itself can harm the taste of other vegetables that were grown with it. In particular, pepper is not combined with potatoes and beets. And such a neighborhood can be called mutually harmful. For tubers and root crops, it is better to find a place away from other vegetables. In addition, potatoes are “gluttonous” and absorb all vitamins and minerals for their development and growth, depriving them of neighboring crops.